Seizures are temporary interruptions in awareness, movement or sensation, caused by abnormal activity in the brain.
Types of Seizures
- Occur when the "electrical storm" spreads to all regions of the brain
- Cause various changes in consciousness
- Some individuals develop a blank stare
- Others may go into tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures that result in complete loss of consciousness with convulsions.
- After the seizure, the person has no recollection of the event. He or she may seem dazed, tired, weak or confused.
- Occur when there is a disturbance in just one part of the brain, affecting physical or mental activity controlled by that area
- Do not result in loss of consciousness
- May cause uncontrolled shaking of an arm, leg or other body part
- Emotions may be altered.
- There may be changes in the way things look, smell, feel, taste or sound.
- There may be speech disturbances.
If You See Someone Having a Seizure
- Call for medical help immediately (911)
- Gently roll the person onto one side and put something under his/her head
- Loosen tight neckwear
- Don’t try to put your fingers or any object in the person’s mouth (the tongue cannot be swallowed during the seizure)
- Don’t try to restrain the person
- Look for a medic alert bracelet that states emergency contact and medications
- After the seizure, roll the person gently on their side to allow for easier unobstructed breathing
Related Topic: Epilepsy