Skip to Content

Office-Based Care 

Office-based care involves regular office visits with a psychiatrist, psychologist , clinical nurse practitioner or other mid-level provider (i.e., licensed clinical social worker and professional counselor). Treatment frequency varies and may include a one-hour therapy session per week. Length of treatment depends on diagnosis.

Psychiatrist or Psychologist: What's the Difference?

A psychiatrist

  • Has graduated from medical school and holds a medical degree, typically an M.D.
  • Completed a residency in psychiatry following medical school
  • Is permitted to prescribe medication
  • Medical authority on medications used for treatment
  • Is not required to personally undergo psychotherapy, although some psychiatrists have had training in psychotherapy

A psychologist

  • Holds a doctorate, which can be a Ph.D (Doctor of Philosophy), an Ed.D. (Doctor of Education) or a Psy.D. (Doctor of Psychology)
  • Completes a doctoral dissertation, which is an original work of research, to earn the doctoral degree
  • Is trained to administer and interpret psychological tests
  • Must undergo at least a year of personal psychotherapy as part of training

What is a nurse practitioner?

  • Nurse practitioners (NPs) are registered professional nurses who are prepared, through advanced graduate education and clinical training, to provide a wide range of health care services - including the diagnosis and management of common and complex medical conditions to individuals of all ages
  • Holds a licensure as a registered nurse (R.N.)
  • Is permitted to prescribe medication
  • Holds a graduate-level education (Master's or Doctoral) with preparation in the NP role and at least one specialty
  • Holds National Board certification in neonatal, pediatric, family, women's health, adult, geriatric, psychiatric or acute care