Aortic Stenosis Diagnosis and Treatment
Aortic Stenosis (AS) is a disease that narrows the opening of the heart’s aortic valve. Under this condition, the heart must work harder to pump blood to the aorta – the body’s main artery. The heart muscle eventually weakens with AS, which can affect your overall health. Severe AS, left untreated, increases the risk for heart failure and is a life-threatening condition, with a two-year mortality rate between 50 and 60 percent, and a three-year rate less than 30 percent.
Treatment options for AS depends on how far it has progressed. Medications are prescribed in mild cases to regulate the heartbeat and prevent blood clots. As the severity of AS increases, doctors will likely recommend replacement of the aortic valve. Aortic valve replacement (AVR) through open heart surgery, in which surgeons replace the diseased aortic valve with an artificial valve, is the most common method. But for patients who are too high-risk or too sick for surgery, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) might be an option.
Join Interventional Cardiologist Electrophysiologist Maged Rizk, M.D., Ph.D., and Cardiologist Femi Showole, D.O., as they discuss AS symptoms and diagnosis techniques, as well as the latest advancements in AS treatment, including TAVR. The TAVR procedure is less invasive than surgery, as the artificial aortic valve is inserted through an artery in the neck, leg or between the ribs, and placed inside the diseased valve while the heart is still beating. The treatment is proven to consistently lengthen a patient’s life and improve his or her quality of life.